Nineteen eighty-four shows us how ugly the world has become. A total dystopia. We see how the people in Oceania are being controlled in their minds and also their physical bodies by the government. In this story, there’s the main character, Winston, who is a rebel against the society, as he thinks differently from the others. He refuse to believe that big brother exists and that the past is alterable. Being a member of the Outer Party and a worker in the Ministry of Truth, he sees how the Inner Party has deceived the people of Oceania with the news of its triumph over certain parts of Eurasia or Eastasia which are all lies.
Wherever Winston goes, he will see a familiar poster, a big picture, which is so, contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. ‘BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU’, the caption beneath it ran. Then there is the ‘ telescreens’, devices which he could dim, but never shut off completely. Telescreens broadcasted government propaganda and served as the eyes and ears of the Thought Police, who scrutinized everyone for any possible deviation from acceptable thought or action.
The author feels that the world was yet heading towards a totalitarian regime, where everything is controlled and that the people are supposed to act in the correct way and manner towards everything in Oceania. Any difference in character, or the way one reacts even at home, could arouse the suspicion of the Thought Police. Imagine yourself in Oceania. To the government, it is utopia since they have great power over the citizens of Oceania. But will one be happy there?
As we read in the book, Winston sees hope in the proles since they are huge in numbers and are able to rebel against the Party, should they be conscious of what exactly is happening and realized that all this while, they have been deceived. Unfortunately, they do not have the intellect. Therefore, even though they are granted the freedom to think differently, they would not be able to think differently as they lack the intellect. Thus, they believed in everything that has been broadcasted in the telescreens. In nineteen eighty-four, it shares some similar views as Marxist’s theory, one of which that love is superfluous even among family members.
Children betray their parents by reporting their parents to the Though Police should they see any form of rebellion towards Big brother in their parents. The Thought Police caught Parsons, Winston’s friend in the Ministry of Truth, as he mentioned a dangerous phrase in his dream, ‘ DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER’. His daughter has heard him saying that and reported him to the Thought police. In the near future, everyone will have love for only one person, that is, Big brother. No one else. Living in Oceania is like a living hell. You cannot get away with the crimes that you did and these crimes could be so trivial such as saying rebellious words against the government in your sleep. and the worst thing is, they take away your loved ones.
In this book, somehow, we foresee that political decisions in the near future could create a brutally stifled society of "Newspeak", where words are so abstracted from events and actions that they take on their exact opposite meaning and "Doublethink”, which is the power to hold two contradictory ideas simultaneously.
In this book, negative ideas on the new society are being conveyed. Totalitarianism and excessive control of people are horrors to him. It is fearful to predict that the government can too easily seize 'power over all men'. All in all, I feel that this story pose as a warning to what dictatorship of any form can do to mankind.
The author too tells us what happens to Winston Smith can happen to any man if the wrong leaders come to power. The author’s detailed negative descriptions of the society and the Party influence the reader to react like Winston and hate the system. It is simply ridiculous when it comes to the alteration of the historical events and records to make it seem as if the words and speeches made by the government is true and this will build up the trust the people has on the Party. Also, should you harbor any human emotions in yourself such as loving someone else, you will be shot. It is a total nightmare. The names given for the ministries such as the ministry of truth and ministry of love are all meant to be ironies. The people in Oceania are living in a world of deception. Having a conscious of your own is a crime itself. That is why the Party came up with names such as the ‘ Thought police’ and ‘ Thought crime’.